Tracy Rouleau is the President and Owner of TBD Economics, LLC. She is a Senior Fellow at the Center for the Blue Economy and an Editorial Board Member for the Journal for Ocean and Coastal Economics. Previously, she was Deputy Chief Economist for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the nexus for coordinating, empowering, and catalyzing the integration of the Social, Behavioral and Economic sciences across the Agency. Currently, she is an Expert Advisor for The Nature Conservancy’s Mapping Ocean Wealth initiative ( She has served on or advised committees and subcommittees for the Council for Environmental Quality, Office of Science and Technology Policy, National Ocean Council, and other interagency bodies. Tracy established and chaired NOAA’s Social Science Committee, and NOAA’s Ecosystem Services team, and won awards for work in the Arctic, the Gulf of Mexico and on NOAA’s Social Science Needs Assessment. Tracy holds a Master’s degree in Environmental Studies/Coastal Resource Economics from San Jose State University, and completed her Ph.D. coursework and exams in Marine Policy/Fisheries Economics at the University of Delaware.



Paul Cough has over 30 years of experience in pollution management, ecosystem restoration, climate resilience, energy planning, international trade, finance, and performance evaluation. He led development of a federal funding system to rebuild water and wastewater infrastructure damaged by Hurricane Katrina, which evolved into a standard federal financing tool for disaster response. He also led development of a rigorous evaluation system for the 28 U.S. National Estuary Programs. As Director of U.S. EPA’s Oceans and Coastal Protection Division, he supervised programs addressing marine pollution, established EPA’s Climate Ready Estuaries Program, and served on the U.S. emergency response team for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. His international experience includes helping to design and implement the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review Program, Director of EPA’s Office of International Environmental Policy, and work as a Senior Economist in the private sector, developing and evaluating international agreements and including environmental provisions in trade agreements. Paul has an M.S. in Urban and Policy Sciences and a B.A. in Economics from Stony Brook University.


Carol Adaire Jones, who also serves as a Visiting Scholar at the Environmental Law Institute, has 30 years of experience leading, managing, and conducting high-quality research in government and academia. As Research Director in USDA’s Economic Research Service, Carol provided leadership for award-winning USDA research that has made timely contributions to policy debates on farm, agri-conservation, climate change, environmental markets, R&D and technology, water quality, and rural health policies. At the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Carol oversaw valuation of the natural resource damage claims for 36 cases brought by NOAA as a trustee for coastal and marine resources, which recovered over $190 million in addition to the $1 billion Exxon Valdez settlement. She has also served on the faculty of the international business school INCAE in Costa Rica during 1998-99, and the University of Michigan (Economics Department and the School of Natural Resources) during 1984-90. Carol received her Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University, her M.Sc. from the London School of Economics, and her B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania.